Founders Day - 2020 

We know homeschooling and working from home comes with it's own challenges, that's why we are here to support you the best we can!

 

Join us each week for ready-made local virtual history lessons created for 4th - 5th graders (and beyond)!

 

Our weekly virtual programming can be used as a tool for teaching local history, complete with discussion questions that students could answer and submit online.  And, yes, we have included fun activities, so word searches and cross word puzzles are a part of each week’s lesson as well. 

Week 7: The Setauket Post Office & Setauket Neighborhood House

Welcome to our final Founders Day Virtual Video tour! Here we are at the Setauket Post Office by the mill pond.  You might come here to pick up your mail or send a package.  But communities did not always have a dedicated post office as we do today.  In the 19th century, the post office could be located in a general store, a person’s home, a hotel or even in an ice cream store! All of these places were right here in Setauket!

Let’s take a closer look at this post office. It was built on the site of two earlier post offices and was designed to enhance the adjacent Frank Melville Memorial Park. The four columns, with ear-of-corn capitals are copies of an original design by Benjamin Latrobe, the architect of Washington, D.C.

If you look at the general store poster here and on this web page you can see (top, right) one of the buildings, with the horse and carriage in front of the porch, that was on the same location many years ago. It was called the Setauket House and was the post office for four years. It was also an ice cream parlor.

The Setauket Post Office

Directly across the street from the post office was the Tyler Brothers General Store. It was also the post office for many years.

 

Look at the poster again. You can see the general store (top, left) as well as a drawing of the interior of a general store and post office in the center of the poster. When you went to the general store, the store keeper would take your order, put all the items down on the counter, then write your name and list each item in the day book as a debit (amount owed the store). Families would pay when they had money or when their farm crops were sold. Sometimes the general store would buy farm products or hand-made items from the customer and that would also be entered in the day book as a credit (amount owed the customer).

 

On the web page here is one page of a day book from the Tyler Brothers General Store. This was where the store owner kept a daily record of whatever his customers purchased, how much each item cost and whether it was cash or credit. The page is Saturday, June 22, 1889.

Jacob Hart about 1920

One customer, Jacob Hart lived with his wife and children about a five minute walk from the general store at the intersection of Lake Street and Main Street in Setauket. In June of 1889, Jacob Hart and his wife Hannah were both 32 years old.  

 

Jacob Hart, listed as Jacob Hartt in the general store day book, owed on account $19.97, which he paid in full mid-day on June 22. Later in the day he purchased ham, sugar, fruitcakes, butter, lard and two unreadable items for $2.16 and later 10 candies for 10 cents, probably for his two daughters Rebecca, who was eleven and Hannah nine. Eleven years later, in June 1900, the census listed Jacob and Hannah Hart with seven children, the youngest Lucy who was born in February 1899.

Lucy Hart, as a young girl (probably ages 9 to 13 - 1908 to 1912) fondly remembered stopping at the Tyler General Store on her way home from school on the Setauket Village Green. Captain Charles Tyler’s two spinster daughters Corinne and Annie Tyler ran the post office and store. Lucy said, “They were such nice

Lucy Hart about age 20 (1919)

ladies . . . Momma and Papa bought all their groceries there. . . We were a big family and we was always down there. Sometimes Papa paid once a week. They kept track of it and I could get anything.” There was a glass case in the store which contained a selection of sweets.  Lucy said, “You would get four or five round things for a penny; and stick candy was a penny a stick.”

As we leave the site of the general store we are walking by the home where Captain Charles Tyler and his family lived, including his daughters Corinne and Annie: the ladies who ran the general store and post office. The house was built before the Revolutionary War and has had two additions for the growing families that lived here. This house has a genealogy, just like the people who lived here, just like you. This house has sheltered more than seven generations of people with the last names of Smith, Swift, Tyler and Davis. The poster listing the families who lived in the house for more than 250 years is also included on the web page.

The Tyler General Store and Setauket Mill Pond about 1900

We continue walking down the sidewalk to the Setauket Neighborhood House.

 

 

Tourists on the Lakeside House porch about 1910 

 

Almost 200 years ago it started out as a hotel, run by John Elderkin, where stage coach passengers could stop for the night on the way to or from the east end of Long Island or before crossing Long Island Sound to Connecticut or Rhode Island. After train service came to Long Island the Elderkin Hotel became even more popular and it included a drug store and library. After that it became a tourist home, called the Lakeside House, where people from New York City could spend a relaxing week in the country, away from the noise and smells of the city. Finally it was sold to philanthropist Eversley Childs who donated it to the community. The old hotel then became the Setauket Neighborhood House.

Tourists on the Lakeside House porch about 1910  
QUESTIONS

1.    How is a store such as Target or Wal Mart like the general store of the 19th century?
2.    When ordering supplies at the Tyler General store, the list of items would be entered into an account book.  When you paid your bill, that was also written in the account book. How is that different from how we pay for things today? 
3.    A tavern or inn was where people would stop to eat, sleep and rest while traveling.  What do we have today that serves a similar purpose?

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Week 6: The Setauket Grist Mill and Pond

We are here at the site of the last Setauket grist mill. This replica was built to show that grist mills were important to communities. The mill ground the farmers grains, which were mostly wheat and corn. The miller took ten percent of the grain as his fee. To be a miller took years of training. The mill was powered by the water that flowed through a narrow sluice or channel and into a continuous row of wooden troughs called buckets which turned the wheel. The turning wheel then turned gears inside the mill, and those gears turned the upper millstone which ground the grain. 

The first mill in the Three Villages was built in Setauket along the creek(now the Setauket Mill Pond) sometime between 1659 and 1664. This first mill was built further up the mill pond and was moved further downstream as silting blocked the water flow.

The mill in Setauket and the mill in Stony Brook built in 1699, were essential to the well-being and to the economy of these two small communities. When the hamlets were without a mill the residents were forced to transport grains to Connecticut to be ground. On one of these trips, three men were lost at sea crossing Long Island Sound and this tragedy only helped to point out the necessity of a local mill.

A number of other mills were built in the Three Village area at various times. A mill for sawing wood stood on the hill overlooking the upper Setauket pond and a mill was erected in 1690 in East Setauket on a stream flowing into the harbor. There was  interest in building additional mills of various types all through the 18th and 19th centuries.The miller had to be an honest, hard-working member of the community and in most cases he became one of the leading citizens. The last miller in Setauket was
 

Everett Augustus Hawkins. Millers before him included Richard Woodhull and Isaac Satterly. In 1784, Richard Woodhull petitioned the Town of Brookhaven to move the mill downstream. The town agreed but required that Woodhull, “keep a good road across the old mill dam 16 feet wide sufficient to cross with an ox team and also up the street alongside of the old mill pond the same width.”

By May of 1796, Isaac Satterly was Setauket's miller. At that time the town trustees, who felt that the “toll” was not being equitably applied, directed the miller to, “take a tenth part out of each and every bushel of any sort of grain that is ground at said mill and no more.” Isaac Satterly was a direct descendent of William Satterly, one of Setauket's original settlers and one of the three men who were drowned when returning from Milford, Connecticut with a boat load of grain before Setauket had its own mill.

​Everett Hawkins was also the direct descendent of one of Setauket's first settlers, Zachariah Hawkins. His father John Hawkins, who lived in Stony Brook, was known as Lasses John because of his fondness for molasses. In the 1930s, Ward Melville bought the mill and the surrounding land from Everett Hawkins. Instead of paying money for the mill and property, Mr. Melville exchanged the land and mill with Mr. Hawkins for a farm further south on the road along the Setauket Mill

Pond. The land Everett Hawkins received in trade included a red barn that you can see today along Main Street in Setauket.

The miller in the Three Villages was both a merchant dealing in grain and, especially in the earlier days, a custom miller who ground each farmer’s grain, taking part of it as a toll. Industrialization took its toll on the mill and the miller, but for more than two hundred and fifty years the miller was a necessary part of the community and the mill was the center of village commerce.

Next to the mill is the milldam which holds the water back and creates the mill pond where there used to be just a stream. When the mill or the milldam needed repair the entire community helped. 

Just past the milldam was the cottage of Everett Hawkins. Look at the poster included on today’s web page. The drawing (bottom left) is a photo of his mill before it was torn down. Above it is the Vance Locke mural of the mill when it was operating. The picture (bottom right) is the current replica.

Continue to walk along the pathway past the cottage of Everett Hawkins and you come to a part of an old barn that belonged to one of the previous millers Jacob Satterly. The barn was at least twice the size it is now in Jacob Satterly’s time. Just past the barn is his home, now the oldest building in the Original Settlement area. When Jacob Satterly was the miller, the mill and milldam were right here where the bridge between the two mill ponds is today. The mill and dam were moved down the stream to their current location after the mill pond silted in behind the mill.

QUESTIONS

Short Answer Questions

  1. Both the miller and blacksmith learned their jobs as apprentices.  What is an apprentice?

  2. The millers charged a toll to grind grain for the farmers.  What do you think a toll is?

Discussion Questions: 

  1. Why do you think the miller, along with a blacksmith, were the two most important jobs in an early settlement such as Setauket?

  2. What other reasons might the original settlers build their homes along a creek or stream?

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Week 5: Caroline Episcopal Church & The Emma S. Clark Memorial Library

 

On this tour, we begin and end at Caroline Episcopal Church adjacent to the Setauket Village Green. Along the path leading to the church entrance, are the gravestones of Thomas Hodgkins and his niece Emma S. Clark.

Hodgkins was a wealthy candy manufacturer who lived in Old Field with his niece, Emma Clark. Hodgkins was so taken with the beauty and tranquility of the Setauket-Stony Brook area that he spent the remainder of his life here. He was so moved by his niece’s love for the children of the community that, when she died in 1889 at the age of 52, he built a library, dedicated it to her and donated it to the community for the children, adults and future generations of the area. The Emma S. Clark Memorial Library was completed and opened on October 3, 1892, the anniversary of the birth of Emma Clark. Thomas Hodgkins is a person we call a philanthopist – someone who generously gives to others. In addition to

the library, Hodgkins gave a large monetary gift divided equally between the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals of New York and Brooklyn, and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. A year before his death in 1893, Hodgkins gave an even larger monetary gift to the Smithsonian Institution.

As a final tribute, the Smithsonian Institution announced, in 1893, the establishment of “The Hodgkins Medal of the Smithsonian Institution, to be awarded for important contributions to our knowledge of the nature and properties of atmospheric air or for practical applications of our existing knowledge of them to the welfare of mankind.”

 

On the video we move from the front of Caroline Church to the front of the Emma S. Clark Memorial Library. This is the original section of the library, built by Thomas Hodgkins in 1892. The style of architecture is called Queen Anne. Notice the arched doorway, the carved decorations, the clock and the unusual chimney. You can see these features on both the video and on the poster here on the web page.

 

When we walk around the side of the library, toward today’s entrance to the enlarged building, we can see the beautiful stained glass window showing the angel Gabriel. It is featured on the video and here along with two closeup views of the architectural details of the exterior of the building. The picture of the angel Gabriel was taken from inside the library. 

 

To the left of the stained glass window we can see the additions to the library (pictured below). These additions have enlarged and modernized it. 

We are back to the Caroline Church. Here we see the Three Village Historical Society plaque that tells us when it was built – 1729.

The other plaque shows that this building and graveyard have been placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Plaques can give a lot of information about a building.

 

This was the church that was, in the Colonial period, connected with the Church of England, the church that Loyalists attended during the American Revolution.

 

Next we walk into the main section of the graveyard. There are many community heroes buried here, but we are going to see one particular family whose name you might know - The Melvilles. Their gravestones are pictured on the poster.

 

Frank Melville came to Setauket and Stony Brook because of the beauty of the area. He built a home in Setauket and called it Sunwood. He was very interested in restoring some of the areas of the community, especially the business sections which were not as attractive as they could be. Mr. Melville liked this area and wanted it to thrive.

 

After Frank Melville died in 1935, his family worked to fulfill the ideas that he had for Setauket and Stony Brook. Over the next four decades, his son Ward Melville renewed many old homes in Setauket and Stony Brook. He built a new shopping center in Stony Brook. He donated land to the community including the sites of Setauket School and Stony Brook University. In 1937 he restored Caroline Church to look colonial in appearance.

 

Ward Melville and his mother Jennie (Mrs. Frank Melville) created the Frank Melville Memorial Park in Setauket in memory of his father. Jennie Melville purchased the building that is now the Three Village Inn and founded a women’s exchange, an organization designed to counter some effects of the depression in the 1930s. Mrs. Melville was also a founder of the Three Village Garden Club.

 

Dorothy Melville (Mrs. Ward Melville), contributed her time and talent and funds to programs of many local organizations including the Long Island Museum, Frank Melville Memorial Park, Three Village Garden Club and Three Village Historical Society. So the Melville men and women - renewed, built, assisted, donated, restored, created and founded. They were all philanthropists.

QUESTIONS

Short Answer Questions

  1. The Caroline Church was built in 1729.  It is the second oldest Episcopal Church in continuous use in America. How old is the church this year?

  2. Ward Melville donated land to the community and a school was named in his honor. Name two other schools in Three Village that have been named after someone. 

Discussion Questions: 

  1. A library is important to any community.  Besides taking out books, what other ways is a library useful?

  2. Buried in the Caroline Church graveyard are the Melvilles and Thomas Hogkins, who were all philanthropists. Can you think of a few people who might be considered a philanthropist today?

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Week 4: The Setauket Presbyterian Church & Graveyard

 

Setauket Presbyterian Church 1811 - This is the third building on the site. The first (built 1671-1676)  was the Brookhaven Town meeting house, church and school. The second,  built in 1714, was called the Setauket Presbyterian Church. It was the meeting house until about 1795 when the Town of Brookhaven moved to a new meeting house in Coram.

Richard Woodhull - His polychrome statue is on the peak of the Setauket School Auditorium. Woodhull was one of the first settlers and an early Town of Brookhaven leader. Woodhull died in 1690 and is buried in Setauket Presbyterian churchyard. His original gravestone disappeared and may have been used by the Revolutionary War Loyalists as a part of the fort constructed around the church in 1777. A new gravestone honoring Woodhull was placed here by Woodhull descendants. 

Abraham Woodhull, a descendant of Richard Woodhull, was born on his family's farm in Setauket, overlooking Little Bay, in 1750.  He was a farmer by occupation.  Probably because of his elder brother Richard's death at the early age of 32, Abraham inherited the family home (circa 16900 and farm. The land had been in the family since Richard Woodhull, came to Setauket, sometime between 1655 and 1657.
 

From the beginning of the Setauket Spies in 1778, Woodhull was in charge of day-to-day operations.  His code name was Samuel Culper and the spy operation came to be known as the Culper Ring. Woodhull was referred to as Samuel Culper Senior after he recruited Robert Townsend, who became Culper Junior. Not only did Woodhull direct field activities, but he also risked his life countless times by personally collecting information in New York and on western Long Island. Woodhull's health was poor, partly caused by stress as he lived in constant fear of discovery.

After the Revolution, Woodhull became the first Judge of Suffolk County. He died January 23, 1826 and his grave in the Setauket Presbyterian Church graveyard was marked by the Mayflower Chapter of the Daughters of the Revolution in 1936.  Bricks from the foundation of the Woodhull homestead, which was destroyed by fire in 1931, were used in the memorial

Cemetery/WS Mount - Genre artist William Sidney Mount was born in 1806 in Setauket, about where the Emma S. Clark Library is today. After his father died, he and his brothers and sisters moved to Stony Brook to live together with his uncle Micah Hawkins. Mount was famous for “genre” painting, depicting realistic scenes of people at work, at rest and at play. He included many of his neighbors and local children in his paintings, which show people of African as well as European descent. Through mount’s paintings we can see how the people in the community, black and white, worked and participated in activities together side by side. Mount was interested in everything around him, and almost everyone in Stony Brook and Setauket knew and liked him. 
Mount was an important member of the community and a school was named after him. Schools are named after people and places in the community, people who made

important contributions to the community. Mount was an inventor too. He invented a special kind of violin called a hollow-back fiddle. It made a louder tone which could be heard over the noise of a barn dance. Mount was also a musician (he played the flute and fiddle), a composer (he wrote fiddle tunes), and a lover of folk music. The largest collection of his paintings can be seen at the Long Island Museum in Stony Brook.

Ship Captains and Shipbuilders. Decatur Oakes, Benjamin Jones and Scudder Jayne were all ship captains, good friends and business partners.  The ships they used to travel across Long Island Sound, up and down the Atlantic coast and around the world for trade were built right here in East Setauket’s shipyards. Decatur Oakes and Scudder Jayne were both married to Benjamin Jones’s sisters and their gravestones are close to each other.

Benjamin Jones was captain of the bark Mary and Louisa which was built in the East Setauket shipyard of William Bacon in 1857. She was 497 tons and 140' X 31.' The Mary and Louisa was named for William Bacon’s niece Mary Swift Jones and Louisa Williamson, niece of Stony Brook shipbuilder Jonas Smith. The Mary and Louisa was captained by Mary’s husband Benjamin Jones. Mary accompanied her husband on a voyage to China and Japan in 1858-61. Mary was the first American woman in Japan after the country was opened to trade by Admiral Perry in 1854. After Mary died in 1861, Benjamin Jones took the bark on a second voyage to China.

In the shipbuilding mural (See poster - bottom left) men are pictured in a Setauket shipyard, working together to build a sailing vessel. Due to its closeness to the sea, Long Island became a center for shipbuilding. Long Island residents would depend on the water for their transportation and commerce so shipbuilding became important. Before the railroad came to Long Island, the Long Island Sound was the primary method to bring people and materials to the Three Village area. The Long Island sound was also used to transport cordwood, farm products and seafood.
 
Historian William B. Minuse said, “The essentials for shipbuilding were wood, water, and workmen – wood for materials, water for launching and workmen with the skills to put the vessels together.” The Three Villages provided all that was required for shipbuilding. There were plenty of trees for wood for framing the ships. Some of the local wood included oak, pine, cedar and chestnut. Our bays, inlets and harbors provided an ideal location for a shipyard. There were plenty of men who lived by and worked on the water and had the skills to work in a shipyard.  

As you can see in the mural, men had to work hard and work together, to build ships. One simple machine that was popular during this time period was the two-man saw which the two men in the front are using to cut a large block of wood. On the side of the ship you can see a ramp, or an incline plane which would have made it easier to get heavy objects up. Some of the characters in the mural are very old men as people continued to work as long as they were able. Children also worked hard and helped. You can see a younger boy on the deck of the ship using a pulley system to lift up a large, heavy piece of wood.

The largest sailing vessel built in East Setauket was the Adorna, built in 1870 by David Brewster Bayles. The sailing ship model on the front of the Ward Melville High School is the Adorna

QUESTIONS

Short Answer Questions

  1. What are two causes of erosion that might have damaged some of the oldest gravestones in the cemetery?

  2. William Sidney Mount was born in 1807 and died in 1868.  How many years did he live?

Discussion Questions: 

  1. Why are some of the gravestones larger or fancier than others?

  2. Why would it be a good idea for churches to keep records about who is buried in their graveyard and where they are buried?

  3. What might you learn about a person from reading the epitaph (an inscription on a person’s tombstone) or any other information on the stone?

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Week 3: The Setauket Village Green

 

The Setauket Village Green has been a meeting place and a community center since the first English settlers came here more than 350 years ago and founded the Town of Brookhaven. The agents for the settlers and the Setalcott leaders met here. The English settlers built their first combination meeting hall, church and school here. For almost 150 years this was the headquarters for the Town of Brookhaven. The business of the town was conducted here and the yearly voting for town leaders was held here. 

Brookhaven’s first schoolhouse was built six decades before the Revolutionary War on the Village Green where the Caroline Church Carriage Shed is today. During the war many Patriots who attended school here died fighting for independence, many others helped Washington win the revolution. 150 years later, in 1869, a new one-room schoolhouse was built in the center of the Village Green. It was expanded with two

The Setauket Village Green has been a meeting place and a community center since the first English settlers came here more than 350 years ago and founded the Town of Brookhaven. The agents for the settlers and the Setalcott leaders met here. The English settlers built their first combination meeting hall, church and school here. For almost 150 years this was the headquarters for the Town of Brookhaven. The business of the town was conducted here and the yearly voting for town leaders was held here.

 

Brookhaven’s first schoolhouse was built six decades before the Revolutionary War on the Village Green where the Caroline Church Carriage Shed is today. During the war many Patriots who attended school here died fighting for independence, many others helped Washington win the revolution. 150 years later, in 1869, a new one-room schoolhouse was built in the center of the Village Green. It was expanded with two stories in 1893 (pictured on the poster) as many immigrants came to Setauket to work. The diversity in the community is shown in the circa 1890 photograph of children on the side of the schoolhouse on the Setauket Village Green shown in the poster pictured here.   

From the 1850s to about 1905 a piano factory and then a rubber factory (pictured on the poster)  provided employment for residents and immigrants in our community. These workers, like their children, represented the diversity of our community. Residents and immigrants of European and African descent and immigrants from many European countries worked in the factories and lived in the “Chicken Hill” community that surrounded the factories. 

The large rock on the Village Green was added in 1921 to honor the Three Village area men who died in the first world war. A plaque to honor the men who died in in World War II was added in 1946. A new plaque honors the young man who died in Vietnam in 1969. The soldiers honored here were from families who immigrated to Setauket from England, Scotland, Ukraine (Russia), Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Ireland, Germany, France and Italy. The soldiers names are also listed on the poster pictured here.

QUESTIONS

Short Answer Questions

  1. Where do you think the Memorial Rock on Setauket Village Green originally came from? 

Discussion Questions: 

  1. Imagine attending a one room school.  By the time you finished school, you would have been with the same students for years!  What would you like about that and what wouldn’t you like?

  2. Many families moved to Setauket to work in the factories in our community. Did any of your ancestors immigrate to this country? Where were they from?  Ask your family to tell of your ancestor’s experiences as an immigrant in a strange new land. Did they bring any of their customs with them that you now enjoy?

  3. There are several memorials in our community that honor people who died.  The Memorial Rock on the Setauket Village Green has several plaques that honor veterans who died serving their country in four different wars. Have you ever attended the Memorial Day Parade in your community? Next time you are near a memorial, stop to read the plaques. Can you think of anything else we could do as a community to thank these men and women?

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Week 2: Patriot's Rock and the Battle of Setauket

 

Loyalist troops under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Richard Hewlett took possession of the Setauket Presbyterian Church on the Setauket Village Green. They desecrated the church, possibly going so far as to remove the pews and pulpit so they could stable their horses in the church building. They fortified the area around the building with an earthwork topped with sharpened wooden poles and placed bundles of branches along the top of the earthwork as protection from musket fire.  More sharpened poles were faced outward along the earthwork to repel a frontal attack and swivel guns were set in the window openings to fire down on attackers.


To capture the fort, Continental Army troops, under General Samuel Parsons, crossed Long Island Sound from Connecticut. Parsons had his artillery officer Lieutenant Caleb Brewster set up his cannon alongside the large rock on what was then part of the Village Green.

He sent a message to Hewlett demanding the surrender of the fort. Hewlett had sent a messenger for help to the British stationed at Huntington, and wished to play for time. He asked for half an hour to consult with his officers. Parsons, aware that time was of the essence, said he would give them ten minutes. The reply was, “Colonel Hewlett’s compliments to General Parsons, and is determined to defend the fort while he has a man left.”

 

Parsons knew that a frontal attack would be suicidal, so he attempted to breach the walls of the fort with cannon fire. The two sides fired at each other for about four hours with very little effect. Then Parsons, fearing that his return route to Connecticut would be cut off by British warships on the Sound, broke off the attack and headed back to Connecticut. The Patriot troops took with them a number of horses, blankets and other supplies belonging to the Loyalists.

 

The attack had failed to accomplish its main purpose, but the residents in Setauket now knew that Washington and the Continental Army had not forgotten the plight of the Patriots in enemy territory on Long Island.

QUESTIONS

Short Answer Questions

  1. Why do you think Patriot’s Rock has many cracks called striations?

  2. A plaque was placed on the rock August 1927. Why do you think the people who lived here picked this particular month and year to memorialize the Battle of Setauket?

Discussion Questions: 

  1. Why would Nathaniel Brewster preach his first sermon on the top of this rock? What was he hoping would happen?

  2. Why do you think the Patriots decided to place the canon and men by the rock in order to fire at the fort?

  3. When we drive in our community, we often look for landmarks to tell us where we are. The Native Americans used this rock as a landmark. What are some places you might see in our community that could be used as landmarks?

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Week 1: Setalcott Native American Village Mural

 

First Mural Scene- Setalcott Native American Village Mural

 

We don’t know all the details about life on Long Island before the Europeans came because the people living here did not leave us a written or photographic record of their lives. The Indians or Native Americans in the Setauket area were called Setalcotts. That’s where the name Setauket comes from. They were also Algonquians, a cultural group of Native Americans living along the eastern coast line of North America.

 

Vance Locke pictured a Setalcott Native American village along the shoreline of a river or stream. There are many historic details in this scene that can be observed and discussed. The Setalcotts relied on the use of local trees and plants in their daily lives. Many of the native trees and plants can be found along the nature trails in the Frank Melville Memorial Park and Sanctuary in Setauket.

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Archaeological excavations (digs) have given us most of the details of how people in this area. We know the native people were hunters and gatherers. For thousands of years, they used natural resources - plant, wood, stone, clay and animal – for food, shelter, tools, clothes and medicine.

 

The wigwam was constructed of saplings (young trees) bent and tied with rawhide strips. This frame was covered with grass mats in the summer and with bark in the winter. An open fire could be built in the center of the wigwam as a hole was left in the top to let the smoke out. The inside was covered with deer and other animal skins.

 

Native American also had a site away from the village for manufacturing tools, spear and arrow points. Although native Long Island white quartz was the most common stone found, some flints (darker, almost black in color) from upper New York State and Connecticut were recovered indicating some trading with other native groups.

 

Second Mural Scene-Purchase of land from the Setalcott Native Americans.

 

On April 14, 1655, the Setalcotts, under the direction of Warawakmy, their Sachem (leader) and 14 other Native Americans met with the agents for the settlers and a soldier who came with them to provide protection (shown in the mural in a red coat and carrying a gun). In keeping with Native American customs they shared a meal, smoked a peace pipe and signed a deed. They sold the agents about 30 square miles of land bordering Long Island Sound, from the lands of the Nessaquogues on the west to the Mount Misery cliffs on the east (from Stony Brook to Mt. Sinai). Since money was not used by the Setalcotts, the Englishmen had to pay for the land another way. They bartered with the Setalcotts, and in exchange for their land the Setalcotts received many items, some of which are pictured in this mural.

QUESTIONS

Mural One:

1.    How many tasks can you find being done by members of the village that were needed for daily living?

Mural Two:

1. The town of Brookhaven was established in Setauket on April 14, 1655. How many years will we be celebrating this event on April 14, 2020?

2. Look at the list of items the colonists traded to the Setalcotts for the purchase of the land in Setauket. Why would the Native Americans want these items?

WORD SEARCH PUZZLES - (click images to download & print)
FD-Site-1A-Word-Search.jpg
FD-Site-1B-Word-Search.jpg
HOVER OVER TO REVEAL THIS WEEK'S ANSWERS

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